If Modernism is logically from 1860-1960 then Postmodernism is 1960s-today. (though some critics state postmodernism is over and we have entered a phase of Post-postmodernism)
-Initially born out of optimism, an aspirational reaction to WW1, with a view to harnessing technology to improve people's lives.
-Ends up doctrinaire, almost blind obedience to rules, and above all - form follows function.
-A reaction to the Modernism rules
-Starts as a critique of the international style
(Robert Venturi - Learning from Las Vegas, 1972. Ideas developed by Charles Jencks,1977)
-Only rule is that there are no rules.
-Celebrates what might otherwise be termed kitsch.
If Modernism equates with:
truth to materials
form follows function
Then Postmodernism involves:
Bricolage - mixing up of styles and materials
parody, pastiche and irony.
-Postmodernism has an attitude of questioning conventions (especially those set out by modernism)
-Postmodern aesthetic - multiplicity of styles and approaches
-Theme of 'double coding', borrowing, or 'quoting' from a number of historical styles
-Knowing juxtapositions, or 'postmodern irony'
-Questioning old limitations
-Space for marginalised discourse: women sexual diversity & multiculturalism
Damien Hirst, Mother and Child Divided, 1993
David Carson, Don't Mistake Legibility for Communication
-Postmodern has an attitude of questioning convention - particularly modernism
-Postmodern aesthetic = multiplicity of styles and approached
-Shift in thought & theory investigating 'crisis & confidence'
-Space for 'new voices'